Is clean Energy Technology developed only to benefit Homo Sapiens?
No doubt Homo Sapiens are the most intelligent creature ever existed in the Solar System. They are full of humor, innovative ideas, power and selfishness. If we look back on time scale Homo Sapiens have developed technology, science, law, economy, human rights, food security etc. just to benefit themselves.
So today we discuss about two United Nations’ bodies who looks after Earth’s Biodiversity, Ecosystem and Climate Change issues. They organize various surveys to generate reports.
The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) is an independent intergovernmental body, established by member States in 2012 in which India is one of the founding members. The objective of IPBES is to strengthen the science-policy interface for biodiversity and ecosystem services for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, long-term human well-being and sustainable development.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change. Created in 1988 by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the objective of the IPCC is to provide governments at all levels with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies. IPCC reports are also a key input into international climate change negotiations.
The IPCC is an organization of governments that are members of the United Nations or WMO. The IPCC currently has 195 members. Thousands of people from all over the world contribute to the work of the IPCC. For the assessment reports, IPCC scientists volunteer their time to assess the thousands of scientific papers published each year to provide a comprehensive summary of what is known about the drivers of climate change, its impacts and future risks, and how adaptation and mitigation can reduce those risks.
According to IPBES first report the health of ecosystem that species and humans depend on is deteriorating more rapidly than ever. Every mammal, amphibian is affected due to climate change, air pollution, deforestation, water pollution etc. Among all the insect species on this Earth 10% of insects are on the edge of extension due to uncontrolled growth of Humans. As many as 10 Lakhs species among 80 Lakhs species are on the edge of extension. 40% out of 10 Lakh extension species are amphibians where 33% are only marine mammals due to huge toxicity and water pollution. According to IPBES report our ecosystem will be affected on larger scale if these species gets extinct.
The United Nations Environment Program have demonstrated way to make this planet healthy where humans will be healthy too. #HealthisWealth
The main drivers for these species’ loss are described as:
- Direct Exploitation of Organisms: The over fishing have been increased from decades on the other hand increased human population have increased food demand for other animals too. In 2015 a third of marine stocks were being fished at unsustainable levels.
- Changes in Land and Sea use: Humans have altered 75% of land and 66% of marine environment since pre-industrial times.
- Pollution: In the form of gas, liquid, solid waste materials are affecting the overall balance of the ecosystem. Marine plastic pollution has increased tenfold since 1980 with an average 300-400M tons of waste dumped annually into waters.
- Climate Change: Global warming has already impacted almost half of threatened mammals and one quarter of birds.
- Invasive alien species: Humans are responsible for the plants or animals’ migration from their actual geographic ecosystem which is affecting native plants for their extinction. The number of invasive alien species per country have risen by about 70% since 1970.
This Global Report will be helpful to put pressure on countries to come out with a bold action plan to protect wildlife at 15th Session of Conference of the Parties to the Conference of Biodiversity (SBD), which will be taking place in China in October 2020.
According to the UN Environment Report India is contributing 5% in top 10% emitters of 45% of world emission and 36% in bottom 50% emitters in 13% of world emissions.
Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change is working on various National Afforestation, River Conservation, Resource and Waste Management, projects to save the ecosystem at global level. The ministry is also responsible for Conservation and survey of flora, fauna, forests and wildlife, Prevention and control of pollution, Afforestation and regeneration of degraded areas, Protection of the environment and Ensuring the welfare of animals.
The Department of Heavy Industry under Government of India have also introduced FAME II policy to promote use of Electric Vehicles among Indians. The Government is providing subsidies to reduce higher EV price and to attract user base on large scale. Another reason to promote is to reduce direct generation of CO2 into the atmosphere.
Autobot India’s vision to promote e-mobility, green technology with equality for all species on this earth where they get equal right to leave, breath and eat.
Autobot India has also extended its hands towards clean energy technology awareness among industry and academic with it’s various Knowledge Improvement Programs (KIP) and Industrial Internship Certification Programs (IICP) on Electric Vehicle Technology, Energy Storage Technology etc.
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