Global Clean Energy Technology Scenarios
The world felt the need to control pollution in different form. Specially the air pollution caused due to various power generating industries, manufacturing factories, automobiles, construction work, generators, ACs etc. This need was even felt before 22nd April 2016, a historic day on this earth where 179 countries agreed to sign Paris Agreement within the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The agreement is effective since 4th November 2016 with extended support of 195 countries.
Almost all country including Sweden, Ireland and Netherland made significant change into their power, transportation, industry, energy integration and building sector’s policies to support this cause. India introduced subsidized LEDs in the early stage later on added marvelous growth in solar PV, wind, energy integration etc.
As per report issued by International Energy Agency (IEA) solar PV, LEDs, and Electric Vehicles have made tremendous progress but other supporting clean energy technologies are not on track which have slowed the process on technologies like carbon capture and storage.
IEA have highlighted concerned slowed progress in Renewable power, Onshore Wind, Offshore wind, Hydro-power, Bio-energy, Geothermal, Concentrating Solar Power, Ocean, Nuclear Power, Natural Gas-Fired power, CCUS (Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage) power, Building Envelopes, Heating, Cooling, Appliances & Equipment, Fuel Economy of car & Vans, Trucks, Buses, Transport Bio-fuels, Aviation, International Shipping, Rail, chemicals, Iron & Steel, Cement, Pulp & paper, Aluminium, CCUS in Industry and Transportation, Energy Storage, Smart Grids, Digitization, Hydrogen and Renewable Heat.
Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage (CCUS) is a gas injection technology that enables the storage of Carbon Dioxide underground. The motive is to reduce the emissions of Carbon Dioxide into the atmosphere and on the other hand to increase oil/gas/heat recovery.
The rapid transformation in the energy system under Sustainable Development Scenarios predicts a rapid achievable transformation under long term goals to build energy efficient buildings, industry and transportation. As described in IEA New Policies Scenarios – the world is not on course to achieve the goals. The global oil demand rose by 1.3% led by strong growth in United States, the global coal demand had 0.7% slower growth and Natural Gas consumption grew up to 4.6% in 2018 which is largest increase since 2010. Renewable power sector increased 4% growth with renewable based electricity generation is at its fastest pace in decades. 4.5% Renewable covered world’s electricity now accounting over 25% of global power output. The increase in global electricity demand by 4% where generation from coal and gas fired power plant increased considerably driving up Carbon Dioxide emission by 2.5%.
De-carbonating the Industry, transport, building and Power Sector is the fundamental step to reduce Carbon Dioxide emission. The cooling, heating and power device growing demand in buildings also be noted in increased CO2 Emission. The un-electrified industry and transport sector requires to undergo transformation including shift from oil to clectricity to reap the benefit of clen power generation.
In 2017 13% increase monitored in Public and Private Innovation investment into clean energy technologies. Private sector innovation grew by 5% in 2017.
The energy related CO2 Emission was projected at 32.6 Gt CO2, It is projected to decrease by 25.5 Gt CO2 by 2030 and targeted 17.6 Gt CO2 by 2040 around the globe. The improvement in energy intensity demand per unit of GDP is found to be slowed in 2017 and also projected to continued degradation by 0.07 Mtoe/1000GDP in 2030 and 0.05 Mtoe/1000 GDP in 2040. There are signs that global energy supply has become cleaner over past few years at 3.36 MtCo2/Mtoe but faster improvement is needed.
Autobot India has also extended its hands towards clean energy technology awareness among industry and academic with it’s various Knowledge Improvement Programs (KIP) and Industrial Internship Certification Programs (IICP) on Electric Vehicle Technology, Energy Storage Technology etc.
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